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How to improve the problem of broken holes and permeation during PCB dry film use

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How to improve the problem of broken holes and permeation during PCB dry film use

With the rapid development of the electronics industry, PCB wiring is becoming more and more sophisticated. Most PCB manufacturers use dry film to complete the graphics transfer, and the use of dry film is becoming more and more popular. However, I still encounter many problems in the after-sales service process. Customers have a lot of misunderstandings when using dry film, which are summarized here for reference.

 

latest company news about How to improve the problem of broken holes and permeation during PCB dry film use  0

 

 

1. There are holes in the dry film mask

Many customers believe that after a hole occurs, the temperature and pressure of the film should be increased to enhance its bonding force. In fact, this view is incorrect, because the solvent of the resist layer will evaporate excessively after the temperature and pressure are too high, which will cause dryness. The film becomes brittle and thinner, and the holes are easily broken during development. We must always maintain the toughness of the dry film. Therefore, after the holes appear, we can make improvements from the following points:

1). Reduce film temperature and pressure

2). Improve drilling and piercing

3). Increase exposure energy

4). Reduce developing pressure

5). After sticking the film, the parking time should not be too long, so as not to cause the semi-fluid film in the corner to spread and thin under the action of pressure

6). Do not stretch the dry film too tightly during the pasting process

 

2. Seepage during dry film plating

The reason for permeation is that the dry film and the copper clad board are not firmly bonded, which causes the plating solution to deepen, which causes the "negative phase" part of the coating to become thicker. Most PCB manufacturers' permeation is caused by the following:

 

1). Exposure energy is high or low

Under ultraviolet light irradiation, the photoinitiator that has absorbed the light energy decomposes into free radicals to initiate a photopolymerization reaction to form a body-shaped molecule that is insoluble in a dilute alkali solution. When the exposure is insufficient, due to the incomplete polymerization, the film swells and becomes soft during the development process, resulting in unclear lines and even the film layer falling off, resulting in poor bonding between the film and the copper; if the exposure is overexposed, it will cause development difficulties and also during the electroplating process. Warping and peeling occurred during the process, forming penetration. Therefore, it is important to control the exposure energy.

 

2). The film temperature is high or low

If the film temperature is too low, the resist film cannot be sufficiently softened and flowed properly, resulting in poor adhesion between the dry film and the copper clad laminate surface; if the temperature is too high, the solvent and other volatility in the resist The rapid volatilization of the substance produces bubbles, and the dry film becomes brittle, causing warping and peeling during electroplating electric shock, resulting in penetration.

 

3). The film pressure is too high or low

When the film pressure is too low, it may cause uneven film surface or gaps between the dry film and the copper plate and fail to meet the requirements of the bonding force; if the film pressure is too high, the solvent and volatile components of the resist layer will evaporate too much, causing The dry film becomes brittle and will lift and peel after electroplating electric shock.

Pub Time : 2021-02-26 16:54:19 >> News list
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